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A 30% heat failure rate in personal defense pepper spray products was reported by the University of Utah in its Quantitative Analysis of Capsaicinoids in Fresh Peppers, Oleoresin Capsicum and Pepper Spray Products, owing to  the industry’s “few, if any, analytical measures to determine the concentration of active ingredients in the product and to ensure consistent chemical composition.” Every red pepper crop can have varying heat levels.  To ensure maximum heat consistency, the producers of Frontiersman and SABRE Wild MAX bear spray are the only manufacturer with an exclusive in-house high performance liquid chromatography laboratory, an analytical measurement facility that...

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For self defense against grizzly bears, the answer isn't as obvious.  Many are surprised when they find that, despite using their firearm against a charging bear, they were attacked and badly hurt. Evidence suggests that shooting a bear can escalate the attack, while encounters where firearms are not used are less likely to result in injury or death of the human or the bear.   Firearms can kill a bear but can it quickly enough?  Can a shooter be accurate in a high pressure situation where you have seconds to respond?   Law enforcement agents for the Fish and Wildlife Service have investigated human-bear...

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Research on the effectiveness of Bear Spray vs. a Firearm in a Bear Encounter A study on the efficacy of bear deterrent spray was conducted in Alaska. 83 cases involving the use of bear spray in Alaska between 1985 and 2006 were analyzed. Results showed that in over 90% of close-range encounters with black and brown bears, spray stopped the bear’s undesirable behavior. Bear Spray Research on Effectiveness of Bear Spray Efficacy of Firearms in a Bear Encounter      

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HOW TO USE BEAR SPRAY INSTRUCTIONS TO ARM AND APPLY: This product is designed for one-hand operation.  Place forefinger through hole in handle, with thumb on safety clip curl. Pull safety clip straight back and off using thumb (Figure 1).  Depress actuator tab for burst of spray (Figure 2). Aim at the face and eyes of bear. Press trigger for 1-3 seconds in order to create a barrier of spray between you and the bear.  Stop to evaluate the impact of wind and other factors and adjust your aim if needed before spraying again. The maximum effective range is 9...

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Here's an entertaining video on how to use Bear Spray by WildSmart    

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